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Word Count: 942
1 What were the reasons for the BMWRover acquisition The automotive industry in the early 1990s when the acquisition took place was influenced by a growing trend towards consolidation A report published by the Economist Intelligence Unit concluded that by the year 2000 the car industry would be dominated by a group of only five global manufacturers BMW was like Rover too small to survive on its own as a manufacturer This situation forced the company to change their strategy towards extension Having monitored Rovers development very well the BMW management came to the conclusion that the two companies were a perfect fit in terms of possible synergies The take-over of Rover meant a chance to achieve economies of scale along the value chain in one go The acquisition offered a row of advantages especially for BMW which are described below Market entry BMW being a niche manufacturer of high-performance luxury cars at that time gained immediate entry to two important market segments the small car market and the four-wheel-drive sportsutility market As BMW has always been very concerned about its exclusive brand reputation the company avoided entering the small car market although being aware of an increasing trend towards smaller cars The take-over enabled them to enter this market segment under Rovers brand name Furthermore the purchase of Land Rover placed BMW in the forefront of the fast-growing sector of four-wheel-drive sportsutility vehicles without losing time and money on internal development Market share Although increasing market share was no major objective in BMWs decision to purchase Rover it should be mentioned that by means of this horizontal integration the European market share of the companies doubled to 64 For BMW this meant being 35 ahead of its arch rival Mercedes Reduction of competition As BMW and Rover increasingly competed in certain market segments for instance BMWs 5-Series and Rovers 800 competition amongst the companies was eliminated
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