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Word Count: 1,068
The relationship between master and slave is embraced by Shakespeare in his play The Tempest Conflicts and complexities of authority are portrayed by the characters Prospero and Caliban As one gains power the other loses it In the play Prospero rises to power while Caliban loses it The legitimacy of Prosperos authority over Caliban is however questionable What gives Prospero the power over Caliban What are the reasons that Caliban should obey his masters orders These questions can be answered through investigating the possession of the island the justice of punishing Caliban and Prosperos right to use or abuse his power One of the reasons for Calibans defiance towards Prospero is the fact that he believes the island that they are on to be his but to have been stolen by Prospero This islands mine by Sycorax my mother Which thou takst from me 12331 Caliban feels as though he has been taken advantage of When Prospero first comes to the island he is kind to Caliban and in return Caliban shows him the secrets of the island When thou camst first Thou strokst me and made much of me wouldst give me Water with berries int and teach me how To name the bigger light and how the less That burn by day and night and then I loved thee And showed thee all the qualities oth isle The fresh springs brine pits barren place and fertile 12332-8 This is Prosperos ploy to use Caliban to learn the secrets of the island Once he knows all the qualities of the island he no longer needs Calibans knowledge and thus enslaves him and uses him as free labor Caliban despises Prospero and Mirandas efforts to educate him and to help him To him they are all part of the deception Prospero believes otherwise and feels as though Caliban owes him for his generosity Caliban is the first one
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