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Word Count: 608
1The relationship between the nature of northern and southern society and the fundamental causes of the Civil War were labor Labor was the most disputed topic for over 50 years in particular the type of labor to be used slave or peasant For years politicians battled using every excuse and major institution they could to prove their side correct From science and religion to politics and life It is rather obvious that both of the authors Beards and Schlesinger were influenced in very different manners The Beards take the stand that the north is forming a revolution similar to that of the French attempting to overthrow the southern aristocracy as the peasants fought to overthrow their French aristocracy They place northern industrialists as the evil of the nation stating capitalists laborers and farmers of the North and West drove from power in the national government the planting aristocracy of the South The Beards apparently are referring to some of the limitations put on their slave laws such as the Wilmot Proviso which forced the south to stop expanding their slave empires and the rejection by Congress of the Lecompton constitution Alternatively Schlesinger takes an outside perspective finding it inevitable that there was going to be a moral choice siding with the north in calling slavery an act of aggression forcing that choice It can be argued on Schlesingers side that the south forced war upon themselves with actions such as the Dred Scott decision which allowed slave owners to move their slaves anywhere they pleased whether it was a free or a salve state and the attempt in passing the Lecompton constitution Although both authors find the relationship between the nature of northern and southern society was labor each feels that the fundamental causes of war while based on labor were for totally different reasons Beard supported slavery and Schlesinger opposed it 2Beard and Schlesinger take opposing sides when it comes to the
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