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Book One of The Republic opens up with a discussion between Socrates and Cephalus Polemarchus father about old age and wealth Cephalus conveys to Socrates that he believes being wealthy does not necessarily make you a happier person but being wealthy makes it simpler to lead a good or moral life Cephalus is quoted as followsIts in this connection that wealth is most valuable Id say not for every man but for a decent an orderly one Wealth can do a lot to save us from having to cheat or deceive someone against our will from having to depart for that other place in fear because we sacrifice to a good or money to a person It has many other uses but benefit for benefit Id say that this is how it is most useful to a man of any understanding Socrates argues this statement of opinion by Cephalus by saying that if living a just life is simply just telling the truth or giving back your debts than that can sometimes be the wrong or unjust thing to do He gives the example of borrowing a knife from a friend who eventually comes back for his knife but looks full of rage and has intentions of wrong-doing than giving him the knife back which you owe him is certainly the wrong thing to do Cephalus not really interested in carrying on the argument exits from the conversation and his son Polemarchus protests Socrates argument and goes on to give his various definitions of what Justice actually means Polemarchus initial definition was giving everyone what is appropriate or right to them and it is not appropriate to give harmful things to your friends Summarizing his definition he is saying Justice is pleasing your friends and harming your enemies Socrates attacks this definition arguing that you shouldnt return evil with evil because it is not just to pose harm to anyone After Polymarchus agrees with
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