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Word Count: 432
The Republic is one of the finest examples of a Platonic dialog The subject matter discussed therein is difficult to summarize at best Covering subjects such as politics the fine arts education it is no wonder so many have written volumes analyzing its various aspects However the driving force behind the many discussions is pursuit of the answer to the simple yet evasive question What is justice The heart of the debate on justice begins when for a fine the Sophist Thrasymachus offers his definition of justice as nothing other than the advantage of the stronger He elaborates upon this simple definition by the example that the good man never gains any advantage on the bad man Conversely the man willing to lie cheat and do whatever in his power to achieve success will always outdo the good man He supports his claim by stating a tyrant ruler in all his power makes the laws in his own best interest what is right for the subjects the weaker party is obedience to those laws Thrasymachus states that people live good lives only because they are weak and afraid of doing otherwise The strong and unjust man altogether leads a much fuller and happier life In short the tyrants life is by far the best Finding this conclusion lacking and disagreeable Socrates attempts to prove Thrasymachus wrong by showing the just man is a happier man Socrates attacks Thrasymachus position on three counts He challenges 1 The claim the unjust man is more intelligent and has more knowledge than the just man 2 The claim that injustice is the source of strength 3 The claim that injustice brings happiness Drawing a comparison with other crafts and professions Socrates begins his refute of the first claim He notes it is almost always the ignorant which try to outdo the expert An expert will recognize those better than himself and will
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