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Comment on- - The basis of each scheme and why it is set up in this manner - The philosophy and principles of each scheme - The roles of gatekeepers in each scheme and - The cultural appropriateness of each scheme Restorative justice has never been easily defined due to the variety of practices at the various stages of the criminal process These include diversionary programs from court programs run in conjunction with court decisions victim and offender mediation at any stage Restorative Justice is not restricted to criminal matters it is also available in civil disputes including welfare family and child protection as well as disputes at school or workplaces Restorative Justice central concern is placing reparation rather than punishment In its implementation it has been seen to reduce offending and prison numbers It does this by seeking personal accountability in a system that currently promotes individuals to deny responsibility Conferencing was introduced into Australia in the early 1990s Loosely based upon the New Zealand Family Group Conferencing Program the Australian model was originally organised and run by the Police After some experimentation by various Police Services it was decided in NSW and Victoria that the Judicial Authorities and Church Body respectively would run the various conferencing programs This lead to the programs becoming established part of the mainstream juvenile justice processing New South Wales In NSW the first restorative justice program was implemented by the members of the NSW Police in 1991 in Wagga Wagga The implementation was accordance to the recommendation by the state government following the White Paper on Juvenile Justice a Community Youth Conferences pilot program was established in 1995 in six sites across the state These programs were jointly operated by the Police Department of Juvenile Justice NSW Childrens Court and Community Justice Centres A discussion paper by the Attorneys-Generals office was released in 1996 recommending that legislative changes be introduced into the Juvenile Justice
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