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Alexander Graham Bell is of great importance in the world of communications He is best known for his invention the telephone He is also known for his association with teaching the deaf and being the president of National Geographic His background and early education had a great influence on his career Bell was born on March 31847 in Edinburgh Scotland His father Alexander Melville Bell taught deaf mutes to speak wrote textbooks on correct speech His father was the inventor of visible speech a code that indicated the position and action of the throat tongue and lips in uttering various sounds The visible speech symbols helped to teach the deaf how to speak Alexanders mother Eliza Grace Symonds was an accomplished musician and portrait painter When Graham was around twelve his mother began to lose her ability to hear Graham became an expert in Visible Speech so he could help his mother and his father with teaching people Alexander and his two brothers helped their father give public demonstrations of visible speech in 1862 Around the same time Graham applied for a job as a student teacher at Weston House an all boys school near Edinburgh He taught music and speech in exchange for instruction in other subjects After a year studying at the University of Edinburgh he became a full-time teacher He also studied at the University of London and used Visible Speech to teach a class of deaf children In 1866 he carried out a series of experiments to determine how vowel sounds are spoken Graham read a book on acoustics by the German physicist Hermann Von Helmholtz The book described experiments in combining the notes of electrically driven tuning forks to make vowel sounds In 1870 his older brother Edward died of tuberculosis The doctors warned that Graham was at risk too His father closed his business in London and they
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