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Word Count: 739
Slavery and Racism A slave is a person who is the property of and wholly subject to another Slavery can be defined as the condition of a slave the keeping of slaves as a practice or institution a state of subjection Racism can be defined as a belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human races determine cultural or individual achievement involving the idea that ones own race is superior These terms play major roles in the history of the United States Slavery played a central role in the history of the United States It existed in all the English mainland colonies and came to dominate agricultural production in the states from Maryland south Eight of the first 12 presidents of the United States were slaveowners Debate over slavery increasingly dominated American politics leading eventually to the American Civil War which finally brought slavery to an end The first African slaves in North America landed in Jamestown Virginia in 1619 Brought by early English privateers they were subjected to limited servitude a legalized status of Native American white and black servants preceding slavery in most if not all the English colonies in the New World Racism comes into effect when one asks themselves why Africans English had guns and power while African did not African were different and thus were thought to be inferior racially set apart outsiders aliens and strangers in many ways throughout the world A major factor of why English enslaved Africans was their religion Africans had their own religions passed on from generation to generation which was not Christianity Basically English enslaved non-Christians A slave could become free by converting to Christianity Between 1650-1750 American slavery began to change from Indians to Africans and eventually led to the extinction of Indians in slavery The transatlantic Slave Trade played a major role in the history of slavery in America It forced transportation of at least ten million
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