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In 1951 Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted of passing information to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics USSR concerning the construction of nuclear weapons In 1953 the United States Government executed them Some say the Rosenbergs received their just punishment Many historians feel that the trial was unfair and that international claims for clemency were wrongly ignored These historians claim that the Rosenbergs were assassinated by the US government This report will be an analysis of the trial the events which led up to it and its aftermath What Led to the Arrest The first clue America had that a Russian spy ring existed in the US was the discovery of a KGB codebook on the Finnish battlefield during World War II When compared with Germanys machine-scrambled codes the code appeared to be relatively primitive a certain set of numbers corresponded to a word letter or essential phrase There was a little catch though the codebook was to be read with a corresponding page that every KGB officer was given Because the American ciphers did not have the corresponding page there were an infinite number of possibilities that could have corresponded to the book making deciphering it impossible Milton 7 Klaus Fuchs In 1944 the FBI raided the New York offices of the Soviet Government Purchasing Commission a known front for the KGB industrial espionage operations When the FBI began to go through what they had taken they found that many KGB officers did not adhere to their orders diligently They were told to dispose of all their corresponding sheets Many memos and other letters were carelessly stored away instead of being destroyed after their use After much studying of all the confiscated letters of the KGB including the new sheets the ciphers were now able to elucidate some of the codebook they had found earlier In 1949 a report by Klaus Fuchs was deciphered This was Americas first solid evidence that there was
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