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Word Count: 654
In Stephen Cranes short story The Open Boat the American literary school of naturalism is used and three of the eight features are most apparent making this work in my opinion a good example of the school of naturalism These three of the eight features are determinism objectivity and pessimism They show some more than others how Stephen Crane viewed the world and the environment around him Determinism is of course the most obvious of the three features Throughout the entire story the reader gets a sense that the fate of the four main characters the cook the oiler the correspondent and the captain are totally pre-determined by nature and that they were not their own moral agents The little boat lifted by each towering sea and splashed viciously by the crests made progress that in the absence of seaweed was not apparent to those in her The characters had no control over their boat rather nature was totally in control She seemed just a wee thing wallowing miraculously top up at the mercy of the five oceans Occasionally a great spread of water like white flames swarmed into her pg145 There is also a sense that man is totally not important to the natural forces controlling his fate When it occurs to man that nature does not regard him as important and that she feels she would not maim the universe by disposing of him he at first wishes to throw bricks at the temple and he hates deeply that there are no bricks and no templespg156 The one character who perishes the oiler is of course a victim of determinism Even as he was so close to land and no longer out in the open sea nature still takes its role in determining his fate Objectivity refers to how the author describes reality as it exists that is not glorifying something but rather
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