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Word Count: 522
Ancient Greek and Roman similarities The ancient Greek and Roman civilizations of Europe began to progress toward a more civilized order of society As there were no previous establishment to base their ideals on it was understandable that there were some difficulties in their progression as a society Although the ancient Greek and Roman governments fell both had similar paths of creation conquest and destruction Greek society began by the formation of the city-state The city-state based on tribal allegiances was generally the first political association during the early stages of civilization Perry 45 This was the first step in the progression toward early self-government Greek city-states generally moved through four stages rule by a king monarchy rule by landowning aristocrats oligarchy rule by one man who seized power tyranny and rule by the people democracy Perry 46 Roman society began by the influences of surrounding cultures and quickly grew beyond the confines of a city-state status economy The more advanced civilizations of both Etruscans and Greeks were gradually absorbed by the Romans From them Romans acquired architectural styles and skills in road construction sanitation hydraulic engineering including underground conduits metallurgy ceramics and portrait sculpture Perry 84 Their need for growth led them to form a republic As in the Greek cities the transition from theocratic monarchy to republic offered possibilities for political and legal growth Perry 85 Both Greeks and Romans tried to realize some form of democracy It is to Greece that we ultimately trace the idea of democracy and all that accompanies it citizenship constitutions equality before the law government by law reasoned debate respect for the individual and confidence in human intelligence Perry 52 Because Rome tried to maintain a republic it had different needs compared to the Greeks The Romans unlike the Greeks were distinguished by practicality and common sense not by a love of abstract thought In their pragmatic and empirical fashion they gradually developed the procedures
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