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The pressures of white expansionism led the United States Government to find ways toremove the Native Americans from their fertile lands Spurred by this pressure and theneed to fulfill his campaign promise to open Indian land for settlement Andrew Jacksonpushed through Congress the Removal Act The Act allowed the government to negotiatetreaties with the various Native American tribes pay them for their lands relocate themto western lands and support the tribes for one year after removal President Jacksonmore than anyone else was responsible for the fate of the five civilized tribes of thesoutheast When the state of Georgia annexed the Cherokee Nations land within Georgiaterritory against all treaties the Federal Government had with the Cherokee NationJackson support it even going as far as to ignore the Supreme Court when it ruled theGeorgia annexation unconstitutional and the Cherokee Nation as an IndependentDomestic Nation In another era Jacksons actions would have been deemedtreasonousand a total abuse of executive power but in the 1830s the growing populationthe need to expand to accomodate this growth and perhaps Congress reluctance to submitthe country to constitutional debate of power led to the removal of the indiansIndianReaction The leaders of the Cherokee Nation and other tribes knew that fighting the whitesettlers would gibe the national and state governments an excuse to send in troops andtake away landThe Cherokee nation responded with diplomacy Several chief went toWashington to plead their case pointing out the legal treaties between the CherokeeNation and the United States gauranteeing them their land The removal issue was hotlydebated in Congress Support forth tribes by Henry Clay Davy Crockett Daniel Websterand other prominent statesmen feel on deaf ears The issue was also being fought in thelegal system In Worcester vsGeorgia Chief Justice John Marshall ruled that the laws ofGeorgia were invalid in Cherokeeland and that The Cherokee land belongs to theCherokee The ruling was not enforced by the Executive branch with President Jacksonrefusing to do so Dishearten and divided the
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