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The story of the Ring of Gyges is an excerpt from book two of Platos The Republic in which Glaucon disagrees with Socrates and insists that people act moral because they lack the power to behave otherwise In an effort to support his claim Glaucon recites the tale of Gyges In this paper I will include a brief history of Plato a description of the Ring of Gyges and discuss how the story may affect our present livesPlato was born in 429 BC in Athens Greece to Ariston and Perictione Platos real name was Aristocles and Plato meaning the broad was a nickname given either from the width of his shoulders or from the size of his forehead When Plato was a young man he became a disciple of Socrates learning the value of reason and philosophy Plato was in military service from 409 BC to 404 BC but at this time he wanted to pursue politics rather than a military career At the end of the war he joined the Oligarchy of the Thirty Tyrants but their violent acts resulted in Plato leaving quickly In 403 BC a restoration of democracy in Athens began and Plato had great hopes of reentering politics However the execution of Socrates in 399 BC had an immense effect on Plato and he decided on having nothing further to do with politics in Athens Plato left Athens after Socrates had been executed and traveled in Egypt Sicily and Italy Upon his return to Athens in about 387 BC Plato founded the Academy an institution devoted to research and instruction in philosophy and science Plato was disappointed with the ethics of those in public office JOC 1 The Academys primary goal was to educate citizens for statesmanship Sahakian 35 Plato presided over his Academy in Athens until his death in 347 BC JOC 1The Ring of Gyges is a story written by Plato in an attempt to force the reader
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