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Sumerian Civilization Civilizations have been created throughout the history of the world There have been hundreds of established civilizations that have worked because of three important key traits A civilization must have cities specialized workers and some form of writing system Kriegeretal3132 These three things are what scholars believe make a culture civilized Kriegeretal31 The Sumerians who lived in the southern part of Mesopotamia are known as the first group of people to become civilized Kriegeretal31 The first and most important step they took was the creation of cities Even the word civilization comes from the Latin word for city Kriegeretal31 The Sumerians had built at least a dozen cities by 3000 BC Kriegeretal31 A city is not just people living closely together it is a communing center for people to trade sell and socialize A trading center is vital to a civilization This is where civilians get different goods and services that they may not have in their society Each person specializes in a particular kind of work and exchanges goods with other specialists Kriegeretal32 These specialized workers are the second key trait in creating a civilization The Sumerians lived in Sumer one of their dozen or so cities Kriegeretal31 In Sumer scribes day in and day out would write letters for people copy down laws and keep business records for merchants Kriegeretal32 They were corner stones in this particular society They were also specialists They performed their job in exchange for food clothing and shelter Kriegeretal32 Seems like a pretty sweet deal if you knew how to read and write There were many types of specialists for all types of jobs schoolmasters merchants priests potters metalworkers and weavers Kriegeretal32 The specialists who made things by hand were called artisans They became a very important social group as cities developed Kriegeretal32 An important specialization was obtaining food As people became more and more skilled in doing this surpluses in food were created
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