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The Tempest - Art vs Nature the natural man functions like the virtuous shepherd of normal pastoral to indicate corruption and degeneracy in the civilized world if the natural man is a brute so much more terrible is the sin of the nobleman who abases below the natural Consider the debate between Art and Nature in the play The Tempest In The Tempest Art is that which is composed of grace civility and virtue It is represented by Prospero the other members of the nobility who belong to the court party and their servants The world of the court is synonymous with the world of Art in the play In contrast Nature is bestial brutish and evil and manifest in the form of Caliban and the natural world With two such extremes brought together debate between the two is inevitable There are two opposing views of the natural One sees the natural as that which is corrupted by man while the other regards it as that which is defective in itself and must be corrected by nurture Montaignes essay Of Cannibals is an undisputed source of the novel which supports the former view Montaigne believed that a society without the civilised additives of law custom and artificial restraints would be a happy one Gonzalos talk of his commonwealth mirrors this opinion in the play Shakespeare agrees more with the latter view which is propounded by Aristotle in the following lines menwho are as much inferior to others as the body is to the soulare slaves by nature and it is advantageous for them always to be under government and Caliban is Shakespeares example of this There are also two opposing views of the nobility The first belief is that nobility comes by birth and hence one of noble birth is virtuous by extension Shakespeare supports the second view which sees nobility as the perfection of nature in
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