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During the 1920s there was much tension between the traditionalists and the modernists The best example of this conflict was that of the Scopes trial and the changes in thelifestyles and values of the American youth In both cases the traditionalists and theThe first example of the tension between the traditionalists and the modernists wasthe unfriendly fire from the fundamentalists on the new science and progressive educationin the 1920s These old time religionists believed that the teaching of Darwinian evolutionwas destroying faith in God and the Bible They believed this new teaching wascontributing to the moral breakdown of youth in the jazz age They tried to create lawsto prohibit the teaching of evolution in public schools Three southern states adoptedsome of these laws The three states were in the heart of the Bible Belt South werereligion is the strongest including Tennessee In 1925 John T Scopes was indicted forteaching evolution in a Tennessee pubic school The press came out in full force to coverthe Scopes monkey trial The famed criminal lawyer Clarence Darrow defendedScopes while William Jennings Bryan a fundamentalist joined the prosecution as anexpert on the Bible Scopes was fond guilty and charged a fine of 100 Thefundamentalists won a small victory but soon Christians began combining science withreligion and accepting the new discoveries of science Thus crediting the overall victoryThe second example of the tension between the traditionalists and the modernistswas the changes in lifestyles and values of the youth Modernists believed that God was agood guy and the universe was a place for fun while the fundamentalists stuck to old timebelieves Flappers and other youth began to wear more revealing outfits and began tocut their hair short and explore in new fields Taboos of the past flew out the windowsuch as monogamy as teenagers explored new sexual frontiers They danced to jazz musicand let themselves go The modernist were appalled they began to combat the new dancemusic cars and the devil
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