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Thomas Hobbes John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau developed theories on human nature and how men govern themselves With the passing of time political views on the philosophy of government gradually changed Despite their differences Hobbes Locke and Rousseau all became three of the most influential political theorists in the world Their ideas and philosophies spread all over the world influencing the creation of many new governments These philosophers all recognize that people develop a social contract within their society but have differing views on what exactly the social contract is and how it is established Hobbes Locke and Rousseau each developed differing versions of the social contract but all agreed that certain freedoms had been surrendered for societys protection and that the government has definite responsibilities to its citizensEach philosopher agrees that before men came to govern themselves they all existed in a state of nature The state of nature is the condition men were in before political government came into existence and what society would be if there was no government Hobbes Locke and Rousseau created a revolutionary idea of the state of nature They did not believe government should be organized through the Church therefore abandoning the idea of the divine right theory where power of the King came directly from G-d Starting from a clean slate with no organized church they needed a construct on what to build society on The foundation of society began with the original state of nature Hobbess perception of the original state of nature is what would exist if there were no common power to execute and enforce the laws to restrain individuals In this case the laws of the jungle would prevail where only the fittest survive Mans desires are insatiable Since resources are scarce humankind is naturally competitive inevitably creating jealousy and hatred which eventually leads to war This constant state of war is what Hobbes believes to be mans original state of nature According
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