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Theories explaining biological evolution have been bandied about sincethe ancient Greeks but it was not until the Enlightment of the 18thcentury that widespread acceptance and development of this theory emerged In the mid 19th century english naturalist Charles Darwin - who has beencalled the father of evolution - conceived of the most comprehensivefindings about organic evolution ever1 Today many of his principles stillentail modern interpretation of evolution Ive assessed and interpreted the basis of Darwins theories onevolution incorporating a number of other factors concerning evolutionarytheory in the process Criticism of Darwins conclusions abounds somewhatmore than has been paid tribute to however Darwins findings marked arevolution of thought and social upheaval unprecedented in Westernconsciousness challenging not only the scientific community but theprominent religious institution as well Another revolution in science ofa lesser nature was also spawned by Darwin namely the remarkablesimplicity with which his major work The Origin of the Species was written- straightforward English anyone capable of a logical argument couldfollow it - also unprecedented in the scientific community compare this toIsaac Newtons horribly complex work taking the scientific community years Evolutionary and revolutionary in more than one sense of each word Every theory mentioned in the following reading in fact falls back to DARWINIAN THEORY OF BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION Modern conception of species and the idea of organic evolution hadbeen part of Western consciousness since the mid-17th century a la JohnRay3 but wide-range acceptance of this idea beyond the bounds of thescientific community did not arise until Darwin published his findings in19584 Darwin first developed his theory of biological evolution in 1938following his five-year circumglobal voyage in the southern tropics as anaturalist on the HMS Beagle and perusal of one Thomas Malthus AnEssay on the Principle of Population which proposed that environmentalfactors such as famine and disease limited human population growth5 Thishad direct bearing on Darwins theory of natural selection furnishing himwith an enhanced
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