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Path of Least Resistance Implicit Power In his book Power and Choice W Phillips Shively introduces to students of political science the importance of power within the framework of politics According to him Politics consists of the making of a common decision for a group of people through the use of powerShively 9 And that power is the ability of one person or group to cause another person or group to do what the first wishes by whatever means5 Power therefore is of extreme importance within the arena of politics for any group who wishes to institute reform or maintain order And yet the question of analyzing power and understanding how it is used is not as clear as one might imagine There is a split among political scientists as to who has the power and how those in positions of power keep it The debate seems to be centralized over the difference between observable power manifest and indirect power implicit When deciding the question of who has the power it seems that the arguments of Hunter and Dahl are mainly concerned with the observable power exercised by those in positions of authority The other and more sound theory of Baratz Bachrach and Lukes maintains that actual power lies within the manipulation of issues from behind the scenes In answering the question of power the arguments of Baratz Bachrach and Lukes go beyond the those of Hunter and Dahl and show that the most effective uses of power are those which are the hardest to see implicit power Manifest power is based on an observable action by A that leads B to do what A wants7 and it is this power that both Hunter and Dahl describe in their studies These men although they disagree on specific details believe that those people with political power take an active and visible part in their communitys important issues When Hunter did his inquiry into the
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