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Word Count: 359
English philosopher John Locke based his theories on natural law Locke as well as another philosopher Thomas Hobbes felt that a government should be based on a social contract Although Hobbes felt that a social contract is an agreement to give up freedom and live under a ruler Locke felt that the ruler should have limited power and the government should be acceptable to all citizens Locke believed people in a state of nature are reasonable and moral Also they are endowed with certain rights at birth called natural rights such as life liberty and property Thomas Jefferson valued the views of John Locke Jefferson based some of the Declaration of Independence on Lockes views In the Declaration of Independence it states individuals have certain basic rights that cannot be taken away by any government they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable right that among these are Life Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness Jefferson focused on Lockes concept of a Social Contract Men are born free and equal in rights Furthermore Locke believed that if the ruler loses support of his people the people have a right to depose the ruler This is a benefit for the people Due to the fact that if the little power that the ruler has affects his attitude and he starts turning into a monarchthe people have the right to over throw him Locke sees that when a population grows and land has become scarce rules are needed beyond those which the moral law or law of nature supplies Thus the Social Contract comes about It takes away some of the freedom the people have in exchange of protection from the ruler This is a very excellent form of keeping a level of security between the people and their ruler In conclusion Lockes ideas on a government like a democracy would be the longest lasting and best type of government A perfect
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