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Duality The theory of duality of personality is exhibited clearly in Dostoevskys Crime and Punishment by the character Raskolnikov Svidrigailov represents the cold intellectual side of his personality and Sonia is a clear example of his humane compassionate side Let us examine these separate components of Raskolnikovs social traits Svidrigailov is the distinct representation of Raskolnikovs intellectual side which emphasizes self-will He also represents a type of Nihilist superman He feels that the world is essentially an evil place therefore in order to conform with the universe he must be essentially evil The universe under this theory is also meaningless and directionless or mans main coarse is for the gratification of appetite Every act that Svidrigailov performs is for his own pleasure and to place him above common morality Svidrigailov is not a true intellectual but he does not allow minor human actions or morality or law to prevent him from having his way Therefore Raskolnikov can commit murders because of his theories and Svidrigailov can carry out amoral acts for his own satisfaction A perfect example of this would be that he rapes a thirteen year old girl and upon hearing that she hanged herself he has no feelings of remorse He also has no feelings of guilt for poisoning his wife and causing the death of his servant Petya Raskolnikovs intellectual side is immersed in his theory of the extraordinary man Therefore he must stand alone or have self will and not need human companionship just as Svidrigailov The opposing side of Raskolnikovs character is Sonia Marmeladov Her function is to redeem Raskolnikov She represents Raskolnikovs warm compassionate humane side This portion of his character operates without thought His initial thought and actions in a situation are representations of this aspect of his personality Raskolnikov often carries out acts of charity or humanity and then when he has intellectualized his actions he regrets them An example of this is when he gives the
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