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Peter Kivy opposes the idea of Formalism as the basis of how to determine what an art is He deems that representation is the significant part of determining art because without meanings and representation words have no value Roger Fry Quintin Bell and Walter Pater are on the other side of the issue and believe that only the formal aspect of art really has any value The representation of the words are not important only the formal aspect matters Kivy pg 25 In the poem Victor by WH Auden I will take a deeper look into the issue of Formalism and determine whether it is the defining element of artThe theory of Formalism was derived by Roger Fry and Quintin Bell who thought the only part of art that had any significant meaning was the formal aspect Kivy pg 12 Fry and Bell turned to the Form as the sole defining property of art Kivy pg 25 They felt there was no relevance as to whether or not the representational aspect of art was harmful or not and believed this was a possible theory of art because absolute music was now considered an art form with no absolute meaning The interest of poetry is not representational it is the pattern of the sounds in the words Poetry consists solely of sound and does not have to be affiliated with any representation Every poem has an exercise in rhythmic sound but no distinct significanceWalter Pater was another philosopher who believed in the views of Formalism His views were very similar to Fry and Bells and they all shared many of the same values when it came to art He thought that all art strives towards the condition of music Kivy pg 28 He felt that absolute music took a certain form and the formal aspect of art is what was significant Pater also felt that representation in a poem has little interest or meaning One
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