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Candide - A Contrast to Optimism Francois Marie Arouet de Voltaire was the French author of the novella Candide also known as OptimismDurant and Durant 724 In Candide Voltaire sought to point out the fallacy of Gottfried William von Leibnizs theory of optimism and the hardships brought on by the resulting inaction toward the evils of the world Voltaires use of satire and its techniques of exaggeration and contrast highlight the evil and brutality of war and the world in general when men are meekly accepting of their fate Leibniz a German philosopher and mathematician of Voltaires time developed the idea that the world they were living in at that time was the best of all possible worlds This systematic optimism shown by Leibniz is the philosophical system that believed everything already was for the best no matter how terrible it seemed In this satire Voltaire showed the world full of natural disasters and brutality Voltaire also used contrast in the personalities of the characters to convey the message that Leibnizs philosophy should not be dealt with any seriousness Leibniz sometimes regarded as a Stoic or Fatalist because his philosophies were based on the idea that everything in the world was determined by fate theorized that God having the ability to pick from an infinite number of worlds chose this world the best of all possible worlds Although Voltaire chose that simple quality of Leibnizs philosophy to satirize Leibniz meant a little more than just that Even though his philosophy stated that God chose the best of all possible worlds he also meant that God being the perfection he
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