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Theravadan Buddhism Throughout history there have been numerous religions and theologies that men and women have entrusted their lives and ways of living to One of the most intriguing is that of Buddhism The great Buddha referred to his way as the middle way and he as the Enlightened One began the teachings of the religion with his first five Ascetics who he shows his middle way This great occasion is the start to what will be known as Theravadan Buddhism Although Theravadan Buddhism would later be seen as the small vehicle it provides the first idea of the doctrine anatman or having no-self that shapes the ideas of every Buddhist today Theravadan Buddhism which means The teaching of the elders is the teaching of the Buddha in its true traditional form After attaining enlightenment under the Bohdi tree the Buddha returns to five ascetic monks he had been associated with previously He taught them the essential parts of Buddhism which include the vital Four Noble Truths These teachings were taught by monks and they give the fundamental truths on which the religion was founded These are the Four Noble Truths 1 all life is inevitably filled with sorrow 2 sorrow is directly due to craving 3 sorrow can only be stopped by stopping the craving and 4 this can be done only by disciplined and moral conduct with meditation led by the Buddhist monk These truths show that the Buddhists saw all things as transient and being transient there is no eternal Self or soul hence anatman or no true self While the Theravadan Buddhist practiced the idea of anatman there were other movements that practiced the idea of atman or true self The Upanishadic movement which started about 300 years before the Theravadan practice revolves around a story of a boy who Yama tells there is a self in everyone This true self or atman is covered up by the illusion
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