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Cerebral Palsy CP is a term used to describe disorders of movement that result frominjury to the brain It is a problem of muscle coordination The muscles themselves are not effected but the brain is unable to send the appropriate signals necessary to instruct the muscles when to contract or relax Cerebral Palsy can be caused by numerous problems occurring in the prenatal period prematurity labor and delivery complication in the newborn period due to genetic or chromosomal abnormality to the brain may not develop in the typical way Some environmental factors such as drugs metabolic problems and placental dysfunction may also lead to CP Previously it was thought that most infants with cerebral palsy had brain injury because of difficulties during labor and delivery Today only a small portion of children who are later diagnosed to have Cp had birth injuries or oxygen deprivation during delivery There are three types of Cerebral Palsy Spastic Cp is the most common among children Children with Spasticity will have tight or sometimes rigid muscles and are unable to move included limbs well The imbalance and increased muscle tone may be slight and may appear as clumsiness However this imbalance can also appear very severe so that the child in unable to move voluntarily with good controlChoreothetoid Cerebral Palsy is a term used when children have abrupt involuntary movements of the arm and legs For people with this type of Cp controlling the extremities to carry out activities is extremely difficultThen there is mixed Cp in which a person suffers a mixture of spacitiy and choreathetoid movementMost Children with Cerebral Palsy can be diagnosed by the time they reach the age of eighteen months Any predictions for an infant under 6 months are little better then guesses and even for children younger then one it is difficult to predict the pattern of involvement By the time the child is two years of age the physician can determine
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