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Three types of essays commonly explored in English composition classes include cause and effect compare and contrast and the persuasive essay What follows is a brief description of each essay type and an explanation of the writers objectiveA cause and effect essay attempts to determine objective reasons that answer why about a question While more than one answer is always possible the writer attempts to present the most logical explanations for the subject at hand Select a subject by asking Why Remember to consider the length of your assignment Test each hypothesis to determine which answers Why to your specific question Arrange the explanations in the best order for the desired effect eg chronological or reverse effect before cause cause before effectA compare and contrast essay presents similarities and differences between two subjects items or topics You may either examine the features of the two subjects without making any judgments or you may point out advantages andor disadvantages of each with the intention of making a choice between them Comparative essays may discuss similarities or differences arranged in the order the writer chooses No particular number of main points is requiredAlways choose two subjects that have enough basis for comparison to cover the required essay length A common essay length is approximately 500 words and requires at least three ways in which the subjects are alike or different Your thesis should tell the reader exactly what you are going to compare or contrast There are two basic methods or styles of organizing a compare and contrast essay With the subject by subject or block method you address each subject in separate paragraphs If you have selected the subject by subject method for your essay the body will consist of several pairs of paragraphs First and second paragraphs of body The first paragraph will address a characteristic of Subject X and the second paragraph will address the same point for Subject YThird and fourth paragraphs of
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