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Affirmative Action The history of affirmative action has its roots in the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Title VII of the Civil Rights Act provided the initial legal basis for affirmative action for women in the workplace Affirmative action is a policy to encourage equal opportunity and to level the playing field for groups of people who have been and are discriminated against According to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission affirmative action Is considered essential to assuring that jobs are genuinely and equally accessible to qualified persons without regard to their sex racial or ethnic characteristics Over the past few decades roles for women in the workplace have increased Many of the predominately male occupations have increasingly become more diverse Affirmative action helps to promote diversity in employment and equality between genders The effectiveness of affirmative action and Equal Employment Opportunity legislation has been vigorously debated for years with advocates citing gains made by women and people of color in pay organizational representation and organizational status Women in general have been the main beneficiaries of affirmative action and will be the biggest losers if it is overturned The number of women entering the professions including medicine law and accounting has increased substantially in 30 years Women of all races have increased their share of professional positions in corporations However women have yet to achieve equality in the workplace as the gap in wages continues Nationally women earn 74 cents for every dollar earned by men A National Academy of Science Report found that a significant proportion of these wage gaps could not be explained by factors such as education or work experience Affirmative Action promotes the hiring of qualified people It does not mean people should be hired just because they are minorities It helps to broaden the range of people to be considered for employment in hopes of creating a more diverse applicant pool from which
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