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Word Count: 1,297
Ever since the two men themselves walked the Earth there has been considerably debate as to whether the political thought of Thomas Hobbes or John Locke was closer to the truth Hobbes characterized as the Apologist for Absolutism in The Western Heritage believed that the natural state of man was one of continuous competition and would generally be solitary poor nasty brutish and short Therefore he believed in a strong absolute monarch to keep the people under control Locke called the Defender of Moderate Liberty by the textbook generally believed that in a natural state man would be just as concerned with the rights of others as with their own Therefore government was to make sure that everyones rights were protected In my opinion neither of these men are completely correct with their thought However if I was to live in a society governed by the thought of one of these two men I would choose to live in one designed by Locke Hobbes rather pessimistic view of human nature renders his political thought doubtful In his view man exists only for bodily pleasure and other such selfish pleasures Although there is some truth to that his call for absolutism on those grounds is doubtful at best In addition Hobbes places all the responsibility for preventing man from misbehaving in the hands of the absolute monarch How can he be so sure that this ruler will not be dominated by his own hopelessly selfish will If his thought is correct the ruler will use this power over the people for his own exclusive gain To make the situation worse in Hobbes system the people are unable to have any say in their ruling Unless the commoners were nasty and brutish in their nature and the monarchs noble and generous his system would not work Lastly history has shown that absolutism leads to widespread resistance In France during the late eighteenth century for example the faltering
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