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This paper will try to explain the different views of how and why Alcoholics Anonymous and other 12-step programs are accepted and rejected as effective tools in treating alcoholism and other addictions The articles reviewed contradict the others opinion First we see that supporting the 12-step programs with a degree of involvement both the doctor and patient will see better results in treating the addiction The second view will show that 12-step programs can be used as self-help treatment and must be used in conjunction with other forms of rehabilitation When AA and other 12-step programs are not used with other forms of treatment the patient tends to become codependent on the groupDoctors Peter Johnson and John Chappel believe that AA is not considered self-help and by contributing to the 12-step process as doctors the program experience will be enhanced Self-help programs are considered to be a form of therapy used to better oneself without scientific research supporting the success rate and usually attended without a physicians input The support shown for programs like AA is attributed to the abundant success rate they found when a doctor takes some minimal preparation for the patient These preparations include such tasks as locating the closest meeting and the type of meeting the patient would prefer The person who is suffering normally takes on these tasks if discouraged at this point faith in the program may be ceased They state in the article AA is more important over the long term than professional treatment Johnson Chappel1994 The article shows effective guidelines for professionals in the treatment of addiction We know that AA predates the American Medical Associations ruling that alcohol addiction along with other addictions is a disease We know from experience either personal or second-hand that addiction can not be cured without intervention of some kind with the help of a professional and others suffering it can Is that enough of a scientific approach to rely on
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