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Carol Duncans article Virility and Domination in Early Twentieth Century Vanguard Painting focuses on female nudity and the artists motive behind this She believes the female nudes were used in the decade before World War I by a number of European artists with a similar style and content which reflected the sexual appetite of the artist - Examples Kess Van Dongen Reclining Nude 1904-05 Munch Reclining Nude 1905 Kirchner Girl Under a Japanese Umbrella ca 1909 HW Jansons Selection on early modernism from A Basis History of Art study of some of these works reflects his preoccupation with the artisthis styleand place in history and art in particular Janson asserts that Fauves were a flock of young painters who came out of the morbid and decadent mood of the 1890s Several of them developed a radical style using violent colors and bold distortions Their work was so shocking they dubbed the name Fauves In contrast Duncan expresses that Fauves and the Brucke were youth and health cultists who liked noisy colors and wanted to paint their direct experience of mountains flags sunshine and naked girls In her opinion they were reactionary in the sense that they shared similar view with their predecessors that art is about the central problem of existence and the struggle of the middle class male against bourgeois society In the case of Picassos Les Demoiselles dAvignon 1906-07 Janson describes it as a masterpiece and a turning point in the history of art The Demoiselles unlike The Joy of Life by Matisse can no longer be read as an image of the external world Its world is its own It is a revolutionary style which dubbed the new style Cubism Janson acknowledges that some of the bodies in this work have distortions and barbarian qualities of certain types of ethnographic appeal of African and Oceanic sculpture It was Picassos intention to use primitivist art as a
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