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Reconstruction was the time period following the Civil War which lasted from 1865 to 1877 in which the United States began to rebuild The term can also refer to the process the federal government used to readmit the defeated Confederate states to the Union While all aspects of Reconstruction were not successful the main goal of the time period was carried out making Reconstruction over all successful During this time the Confederate states were readmitted to the Union the thirteenth fourteenth and fifteenth amendments were ratified and African Americans were freed from slavery and able to start new lives One of the first goals of Reconstruction was to readmit the Confederate states into the Union and during the debate in Congress over how to readmit the states the Thirteenth Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments were ratified The United States had three different presidents between 1865 and 1877 who all had different opinions as to how the actions of readmitting the states should be carried out President Lincoln devised the Ten Percent Plan in an effort to get the Confederate states to rejoin the Union In Lincolns plan all Confederates other than high-ranking officials would be pardoned if they would swear allegiance to the Union and promise to obey its laws Once ten percent of the people on the 1860 voting lists took the oath of allegiance the state would be free to form a state government and would be readmitted to the Union Many of the Republicans in Congress were angered by this plan because they believed that it was too lenient After President Lincoln was assassinated Andrew Johnson assumed the presidency with a new plan which became known as Presidential Reconstruction In Johnsons plan all of the Confederate states would be readmitted to the union if each state would declare its secession illegal swear allegiance to the Union and ratify the Thirteenth Amendment which abolished slavery To the Radical Republicans Johnsons plan seemed no
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