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A child has the ability to make the most critical and objective observation on society and the behavior of man How is this possible A child has yet to mature and lacks proper education and experience However it is for this very reason that a child would make the perfect social scientist his or her naivete may provide an excellent means of objective criticism and most often satire A childs curious nature and hunger for knowledge would bring about an unbiased questioning of social structures minus the brainwashing of these very institutions and his or her vulnerability would expose any societal dangers present This child-like scientist would see the truth as it is This same premise may be applied to literary works A naive character or narrator may be used as a child-like scientist who reveals social truths to the audience through his or her naivete As Maurois has noted in writing about Candide by Voltaire It was novel of apprenticeship that is the shaping of an adolescents ideas by rude contact with the universe 101 Jonathan Swift also takes this approach in his work Gullivers Travels where Gulliver the main character provides a naive point of reference The satires Gullivers Travels by Jonathan Swift and Candide by Voltaire both make use of naivete to convey satirical attacks on society In both works litotes understatements are made of extremely absurd situations which further illuminates the ridiculous nature of a situation Characters in each novel are made vulnerable by their overly trusting natures This is taken advantage of and these characters are left exploited by corrupt people in society Attacks are also made on authority figures of the world This can be seen in the characters reaction to authority Finally both works are travel tales which expose the main characters to many perspectives This allows the authors to satirize many aspects of society These two satirical works make litotes of preposterous situations thus shedding light on
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