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The early history of marine science started about 11000 years ago Nomads began voyaging into east and central Europe and across the plains of central Asia They journeyed to the shores of northeastern Asia and crossed the Bering Sea into North America and South America Most traveled on foot except for those who were talented in raft building or navigation Any coastal culture with these talents had big economical advantages and greater access to food or supplies But when European explorers set out to find the world they were met by islanders at almost every chunk of land they foundThe first evidence of voyaging comes from records of trade in the Mediterranean Sea The Greeks started to explore outside the Mediterranean and into the Atlantic Ocean around 900-700 bc The Greeks thought the ocean was a huge river because they noticed currents that ran from north to south The Phoenicians were also native to theses waters but chose not to venture out of sight of land Smart sailors started recording the location of rocks landmarks and the direction of currents to make their voyages saferThese first chart makers were Mediterranean traders These were not the only cultures doing their homework at the time The Chinese began to engineer an extensive system of inland waterways some of which connected to the Pacific Ocean to make transport of goods easier The Polynesian people were moving along the islands off the coast of Southeast Asia and Indonesia for years and began to settle the mid-pacific islands These early explorers were able to tell direction by the stars and sun They spread from island to island until the big and accessible islands had been colonized This resulted in overpopulation and depletion of resources Groups of people scattered in every direction including Hawaii The Hawaiian Islands are 2000 miles from any significant island making that a life-threatening journey These lucky pioneers colonized Hawaii some time between 450 and
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