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Word Count: 796
Fellow countrymen we cannot afford to give a single inch If we retreat now everything we have done becomes useless If Hutchinson will not send tea back to England perhaps we can brew a pot especially for him Samuel Adams December 16 1773In an attempt to transfer part of the cost of colonial administration to the American colonies the British Parliament had enacted the Stamp Act in 1765 and the Townshend Acts in 1767 Eventually opposition rose and forced withdrawal of these acts through boycotts and petitions but Parliament left the import duty on tea to represent its authorityIt was not until May 1773 that the situation became a big problem In this paper I will discuss why the circumstances were re-opened and how the events that followed turned the tables on the mind-set plan of the East India Company and British Parliament The dumping of 342 tea chests would not only be one cause to the start of a revolutionIn May 1773 the faltering East India Company persuaded Parliament that the companys future and Britains prosperity depended on the transfer of its tea surplus The company was able to undersell the smugglers from Holland because Parliament gave them a disadvantage of the entire shilling-per-pound duty They expected that the Americans faced with a choice between the cheaper company tea and the more expensive smugglers tea would most definitely buy the cheaper tea despite the tax Then the company would be saved from bankruptcy the smugglers would be ruined and the principle of parliamentary taxation would be confirmedIn September 1773 the company intended to ship 500000 pounds of tea to groups of merchants in Boston New York Philadelphia and Charleston This arrangement might have worked had not the company been given what amounted to a monopoly over tea distribution in the colonies Merchants agreed not to sell the tea and all orders were canceledThe Dartmouth the first of three ships arrived in Boston Harbor on
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