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-Educational effects As the cause of rapid urbanization lead to inequalities between the rural and urban areas affecting the whole rural-urban education system The gap of the education level became increasingly high It is clear that for the last 25 years economic development and urban-rural institutional reform have laid a solid foundation for improving urban and rural populations living conditions and benefits However the urban-rural gap is still evident in terms of rapid economic growth and slow-moving social development For education level according to the statistic of the 5th national census of 2000 391 of rural population received junior high education or above Among rural population 428 received elementary education and illiteracy rate among population above 15 years of age was 83 higher than the respective 238 and 40 rate among urban population Rural population is mainly composed of those with junior high and elementary education while urban population is mainly composed of those with senior high education or above which is undoubtedly the biggest inequality between urban and rural areas Of the nations financial budget allocations for compulsory education in rural areas are seriously inadequate This proportion of funds budgeted in 1994-2000 for compulsory education in rural areas comprised of 57 of total amount of funds necessary for compulsory education in rural areas Such a graded educational system only worsening and retards development of rural education It would extend or even expand inequality in terms of urban-rural and inter-city compulsory education - Culture effects Due to the rise of urbanizations level population in urban cities encounters rapid increase cultures and lifestyle of people also changed from preceding period People in rural areas that were used to the rural life styles has to change in order to adapt to cities life According to cultural traditions nowadays China is gradually losing their traditional festivals and foreign festivals are coming in and taking over With the progress of urbanization celebrating the traditional festivals is
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