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Word Count: 849
Instead of trying to point to one major cause for the First World War like many historians attempt to argue there were many causes that evolved around four major ones Even Benthmann portrayed his frustration with attempting to isolate a major cause when his reply to the question of what started the war was Oh if only I knew The four main causes were imperialism militarism alliances and nationalism Without these influences the war would have never happened However all four of these main causes were inspired and encouraged by nationalism Nationalism is known as the love of ones own country Through this love breeds an aspiration to be unsurpassed by any other country which in this case resulted in the First World War Each country sought to prove themselves by gaining more area maintaining a superior army or protecting their own imperiled land No one wanted to be seen as though they were not able and independent Nationalism was the driving force in the American Revolution and patriotism was used as a sort of propaganda In an attempt to make ones country appear superior to others it was encouraged for other countries to be ostracized France wanted revenge on Germany for defeat and conquest of Alsace-Lorraine France was supposed to be one of the more powerful countries and they couldnt stand the thought of Germany proving them inferior With a countrys desires to have freedom such as the Balkan States the result could be a dangerous and excessive patriotism and need for power The system of alliances was originated by Chancellor Bismarck An alliance was when countries joined together in a government agreement where if any one country was attacked it was ensured that the other members of their alliance would defend them in war By 1907 two groups were formed these being the Triple Alliance consisting of Germany Austria-Hungary and Italy as well as the Triple Entente consisting of France Russia
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