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In the late 1780s prominent political leaders in the United States came to realizethat the government created under the Articles of Confederation was ineffective andimpractical and could not serve a nation in managing relationships among states norhandle foreign nations The fear of creating a government that was too powerful was thebasis for foundation of the Articles of Confederation It created a weak nationalgovernment that allowed for most of the power to be under the control of the statelegislatures Under the Articles Congress had no means to prevent war or securityagainst foreign invasion The federal government could not check the quarrels betweenstates or regulate interstate trade collect taxes enforce laws These weaknesses of theconfederation distressed political leaders in response they requested a assemblage inorder to revise the Articles and revive the ailing nation In May of 1787 representativesfrom each state gathered in Philadelphia Pennsylvania to find the means of turning theUnited States government into an efficient and powerful business that conducted affairsThe delegates meeting at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787were given expressed consent to alter and revise the Articles of Confederation With theexception of those from New Jersey and Virginia the delegates intended to revise theArticles One of 55 delegates William Paterson and his colleagues Roger ShermanEllsworth and Dickinson offered a list of suggestions for revising the Articles ofConfederation in his New Jersey Plan Paterson was a delegate from New Jersey whofavored the weak national government that the Articles created Patterson asserted therights of the small states against the large states and wished to expand upon the Articlesmaking a more practical and efficient government The New Jersey Plan suggested theCongress maintain its unicameral house system with states equally represented Theyproposed that the Congress would have the power to regulate interstate trade and couldhave closely limited power to tax It also called for a federal Executive with personsappointed by Congress who could be removed on the request of a majority of the stategovernors The New
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