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Motivation businessImportant points to note are that not all of these factors are logical and the grouping israrely made with the motivation of workers in mind It follows that some jobs are thereforeunnecessarily demotivating As a consequence the quality of working life is degraded andproduction is diminished It should be possible to regroup and rearrange the tasks to makejobs better Researchers on industrial motivation suggest that motivating jobs require theexercise of a variety of skills producing a meaningful es The job characteristicsapproach was pioneered by Hackman and Oldham who suggests that the job characteristics whichmotivate are 1 variety of work 2 working on an identifiable product task identity 3 working on a task that has impact on others task significance 4 autonomy 5 feedback onhow the work is progressing The links between the characteristics of jobs and motivation areimportant and an understanding of these links provides a basis for designing jobs that areboth satisfying and motivating Because the limiting factors impose different constraintsdifferent types of job enrichment are needed The three main types are job rotation jobenlargement and autonomous working groups Job rotation is probable the most rudimentarytype of job redesign At its simplest it involves bringing together four or monotonous andusually unskilled jobsA working schedule is drawn up in which each employee spends alimited period on each job before moving onto another The simplicity of job rotation is itsmain advantage little retooling or restructuring is necessary The main disadvantages arethe very limited amount of change which is achieved and that job rotation schemes mayproduce bickeringJob enlargement involves widening the job to bring in additional skills andallows employees to complete a whole job or a much larger part of a job so that work nolonger consists of short-cycle operations whose contribution to the final product seemsindistinct and remote In this way a sense of achievement and the pride of the craftsmancan be used as motivational forces The main disadvantages of job enlargement are
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