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This so-called October Revolution was an armed insurrection carried out by the Bolshevik Party using the apparatus of the Petrograd Soviet Lenin insisted that the transfer of power from the Provisional Government to the Bolsheviks take this militarized form rather than the political form of a vote by the forthcoming All-Russian Congress of Soviets an approach favored by Zinoviev and Kamenev Lenin did this because he believed as did Marx that the class struggle was class warfare and so necessarily involved physical violence No other method could demonstrate where the real power lay In the same manner Lenin understood the literal meaning of Marxs call to expropriate the expropriators by urging the masses to steal the stolen This was no violation of Marxs view of the logic of history -- armed coercion was always integral to that logic And so the October coup set the precedent for the continuing use of coercion by the Party through all the stages required to construct socialism From his refuge in Finland Lenin initiated pressure for such an insurrection in the wake of the Kornilov affair of the late summer and by October 10th he had persuaded the Central Committee to vote 10 to 2 for such an action in principle But the task of organizing the insurrection fell to Leon Trotsky In order to give the Party coup an appearance of greater proletarian legitimacy Trotsky delayed it so that it would coincide with the forthcoming national Congress of Soviets This was against Lenins express command Trotsky also engineered the creation within the Soviet of the Military Revolutionary Committee which was in fact dominated by the Bolsheviks to carry out the actual takeover of Petrograd In other words this Revolution was a minority military action not a mass event like the one that occurred in February or in 1905 for that matter To be more precise what did occur was an amateur police operation of the Military Revolutionary Committee
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