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Kings County Calif West Hills Community CollegePOP ARTArt Appreciation 52CONTENTSIPOP ART 4IIANDY WARHOL 5IIIDAVID HOCKNEY 7LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS1Illustration 1 Roy Lichtenstrin Whamm Cover2Illustration 2 Andy Warhol Cambell Soup Can 63Illustration 3 David Hockney A Bigger Splash 7 POP ART Art in which everyday objects and subjects are depicted with theflat naturalism of advertising or comic strips 1 Pop Art visual arts movement of the 1950s and 1960sprincipally in the United States and Great Britain The images ofpop art shortened from popular art were taken from massculture The term Pop Art was first by the critic LawrenceAlloway to describe those paintings that celebrate post-warconsumerism defy the psychology of Abstract Expressionism andworship the god of materialism2 This was an art which hadnatural appeal to American artists living in the midst of the mostblatant and pervasive industrial and commercial environment Forthe American artist once they realized the tremendouspossibilities of their everyday environment in the creation of newsubject matter the result was generally more bold aggressiveeven overpowering than in the case of their Europeancounterparts Some artists duplicated beer bottles soup canscomic strips road signs and similar objects in paintings collagesand sculptures Others incorporated the objects themselves intotheir paintings or sculptures sometimes in startlingly modifiedform Materials of modern technology such as plastic urethanefoam and acrylic paint often figured prominently As opposed tothe junk sculptors the assemblage artists who have created theirworks from rubbish the garbage the refuge of modern industrialsociety the pop artists deal principally with the new thestore-bought the idealized vulgarity of advertising of thesupermarket and of television commercials One of the mostimportant artistic movements of the 20th century pop art not onlyinfluenced the work of subsequent artists but also had an impacton commercial graphic and fashion design3American Pop art was first of all a major reaction againstabstract expressionism which had dominated painting in the UnitedStates during the later 1940s and 1950s During the later 1950sthere were many indications that American painting would return toa new kind of
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