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Jessica Freeman Art History Per 3 Roman Architecture The buildings created by the Roman architects were innovative in the sense that specific qualities of the building were borrowed from other cultures The ability to take from other cultures to apply to theirs created a new outlook for architecture The Romans were learning new ways to accommodate for the growing population and become utilitarian and also pretty at times Several of the techniques they used helped to influence the types of buildings they built To accommodate for the mass number of people attending festivities and religious centers the Romans had to learn new ways to create open spaces This was often accomplished by creating round areas Round spaces hold or appear to hold more people than squared areas To make a rounded area strong and yet sophisticated an arch was employed The arch allowed for large spaces and for reliefs to be carved above the open space The Romans applied the arch in most major buildings and was common for entrances The arch was a sturdy and aesthetically pleasing addition to even common homes The reliefs carved into or above the arch were necessary to remind the citizens of the numerous military accomplishments Placed over the curved entrance was an appealing space to hold the pictures and words The unified design became important due to the scores of borrowed styles and the arch was easy to work with The ways in which the arches are used varies in every building and there are many styles of arches The main technique developed and utilized by the Romans was the arch Why the arch to create the large spaces The Romans could have made the Pantheon square or a rectangular Colusem and still the arch and the rounded structures were chosen The round version of buildings is the second technique to influence the way large and important structures
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