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A society that consists of complex organization is defined as a civilization A civilization is made up of different factors including government religion and culture Through these factors evolved a set of principles for the people to live by These were called codes of conduct Through the examination of the Judgments of Hammurabi the Egyptian Negative Confessions and the Ten Commandments inferences will be drawn to explain the reasoning that may have promoted their creation and the similarities among others In the eighteenth century BC the Babylonian king Hammurabi conquered the Sumerians Government religion and culture dictated life in Mesopotamia Each city-state was ruled by a monarch king or priest-kings These rulers were highly worshipped and seen as intermediaries between the Sumerians and their gods Craig 7 The kings controlled the economy Detailed examination was taken before the applying of any idea such as the distribution of crops The Sumerians practiced polytheism Their gods were of human form only differing from humans in their greater power and immortalityCraig 8 The people concentrated on satisfying their gods during their present life Therefore Sumerians cultivated several methods of divination to discover the wills and intention of the gods They studied the internal organs of animals to better understand abnormalities and they gave rise to astrology by the examination of the heavenly bodies Craig 8 The peoples culture was based around the family unit commerce and agriculture The Codes of Hammurabi revolved around this culture Craig 8 The Code of Hammurabi was created during Hammurabis reign from 1792-1750 BC According to Alfred J Andrea the laws were inscribed in a stone pillar that measured over seven feet in height and more than six feet in circumferenceAndrea 12 The code stated the laws the society was obligated to obey Hammurabi stated the purpose of his laws were to promote the welfare of the people to cause justice to prevail in the land to destroy
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