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Bowles Samuel 1971 Unequal education and the reproduction of the social division of labor Review of Radical Political Economics 3 Spring Joel 1998 American education 8th Ed Boston McGraw Hill In Savage Inequalities Jonathan Kozol describes the conditions of several of Americas public schools Between 1988 and 1990 Kozol visited schools in approximately 30 neighborhoods and discovered that there was a wide disparity in the conditions between the schools in the poorest inner-city communities and schools in the wealthier suburban communities How can there be such huge differences within the public school system of a country which credits itself in having equal opportunity for all It becomes obvious to Kozol that many poor children begin their young lives with an education that is far inferior to that of the children who grow up in wealthier communities They are not given an equal opportunity from the start He writes Denial of the means of competition is perhaps the single most consistent outcome of the education offered to poor children in the schools of our large cities p 83 Kozol examines how the unequal funding of schools relates to social class divisions institutional and environmental racism isolation and alienation of students and staff within poor schools the physical decay of buildings and the health conditions of students Kozols focus of this book is to examine urban school districts which are severely segregated by race and class They are overwhelmingly nonwhite and very poor which contrasts sharply with the wealthy white suburban schools right next to them p 74 He limits his selections to poor inner-city schools rather than include examples of all poor schools because he feels that they best exhibit racial segregation and social class divisions He notes that even when schools have a diverse student population segregation occurs within the school through special education programs or vocational tracking Although Kozol does not directly address it
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