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Word Count: 1,588
In these two books Madame Bovary and Therese Raquin the authors use characters for particular symbolic effect In Madame Bovary there are two extremely minor characters that play important roles in Flauberts comment about Emma and her life whilst in Therese Raquin the character of Camilles ghost is similarly used to reflect on the reality of the lives of the two lovers However unlike the two minor characters in Madame Bovary Camilles ghost appears in most of the book In Madam Bovary Flaubert introduces the organ grinder early on in the novel He appears suddenly to Emmas view from outside a window Flaubert makes sure that the reader imagines this person as an unattractive being a swarthy black-whiskered face would appear at the living-room window yet also he has white teeth an ironic contrast for this kind or person After Flaubert finishes describing this mans conflicting appearance he describes the music that he plays which contrasts with his appearance as it is very beautiful and pleasant He then proceeds to describe the organ in a miniature drawing-room set out on top of a barrel-organ there were dancers the size of your finger - women in pink turbans The disturbing appearance and attitude of the organ grinder - Occasionally he shot a long stream of dark saliva at the kerbstone- is there as a symbol of Emmas reality that nothing she desires every happens and that she is always disappointed with her life In this way Flaubert is able to alert the reader to Emmas life and how her fantasies always contrast with reality he does this so that he can emphasize the importance of this irony of Emmas life pointing out to the reader that although he sympathies with her he cannot condone her Flaubert uses this technique to suggest to the reader certain characteristics Emmas personality explaining to the reader how she is taken by the beauty of the organ which
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