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Consideration for Marriage Marriages in matrimonium iustum a legal union had three requirements both partners must have coniubium and age and consent A valid marriage was very important because it would affect the inheritance rights of both the children produced and husband to wifewife to husband inheritance Coniubium was the right to marry described further in the following section Age refers to the fact the couple is expected to have reached puberty Also it was acceptable for a man to marry a girl young enough to be his daughter or even granddaughter but it was dishonorable if a woman married a younger man Consent refers to the fact the final decision was ultimately up to the paterfamilias but he would often refer to the brides mother There were also details such as incsestum marriage between close relative was a crime There should be no difference in social standing between husband and wife Nobility and wealth could make up for other shortcomings in a partner Marriage was commonly used for political alliances Character was much more important than good looks Types of Roman Marriage There are several types of Roman marriage Some marriages are legitimate and others are just ways of life Some are traditional with coniubium and manus and others are unconventional without coniubium and manus Both the husband and wife needed to have ius coniubium the right to marry for both the actual marriage and the children to be legitimate Coniubium was granted in Roman citizenship as well as a special privilege for certain people A Roman woman was usually under the guardianship of her paterfamilias her whole life Confarreatio was the most traditional type of marriage It was limited to patricians only whose parents had the same type of marriage Wedding ceremonies were very elaborate and ten witnesses were present The woman passed directly from the manus of her paterfamilias to that of her new husband Divorce diffarreatio was rare
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