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Word Count: 943
There are many alternatives that are used to motivate workers beyond the conventional bureaucratic ways that was once thought of as the only way to control workers Since the 1960s we have learned a great deal of information leading to the discovery of alternatives to bureaucratic organizations Today bureaucratic ideas are still widely used among organizations however a shift in thinking occurred and the question was asked What are the alternatives if bureaucracy it not working in an organization Bureaucracies Defined According to Max Weber bureaucracy is the most efficient and most rational known means of exercising authority over human beings Weber p223 Further it is reliable precise and stable these are all terms that are desired for large complex organizations that need to control vast amounts of employees Bureaucracy is based on legitimate authority those that are being controlled by others accept oppression as part of the work along There are several characteristics that mold a particular organization into following the bureaucracy model such as rules hierarchy salaried careers written documents and appointment These characteristics serve as a guideline or an owners manual of sorts that has a preconceived effect for each cause with the organization Even if bureaucracy is working to its full capacity within an organization there can be times when is no longer efficient to use alone Bureaucracy is still used within organization but usually in conjunction with an alternative Agency Theory Defined The goal of agency theory is getting people to do the best job for the best price and least amount of risk One decision is to fill a sales district with representatives called external or with an employee sales force called internal Anderson p 234 An internal sales force is a company who uses their own employees to sell a product they have produced They are employed by the organization and receive a salary no matter if the product is successful or not The externalized labor
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