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During the nineteenth century Karl Marx and Max Weber were two of the most influential sociologist Both their views on the rise of capitalism have many similarities and differences They believe that capitalism is relatively new to the modern world Their views differ on the rise of capitalism Regardless of Marx and Webers differences both theorists agree that capitalism is a system of highly impersonal relations Karl Marx was born on May 5 1818 to the father of a Jewish lawyer Marx had seen history as consisting of both the dialectic and materialism He called this Dialectic Materialism History in the view of Marx was a dialectic materialism that evolved through time Marxs dialectic was not based on the conflict of ideas but rather on the dialectic of classes This conflict results in a societys new mode of production Each period of history consists of a mode of production Throughout history these modes changed through the dialectic The dialectic would lead to a new mode of production and a new era in history Marx states that these modes of production are primitive communism slave society feudalism mercantilism capitalism and then socialism and communism In studying the rise of capitalism one is concerned with the periods of primitive communism slave society feudalism and mercantilism and how they led to the rise of capitalism in western society In society the mode is production is dichotomous to the means of production Rosdolsky 1977 If there is a slave society there must be slave owners as well as slaves Capitalism consists of those who own the means of production and those who are the means of production but to understand how society reached this level one must look at the progression of society starting from primitive communism In primitive society the mode of production is communal This is because in primitive society there is no privately owned property This is a society whose means of production is based on
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