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VHistory 101B 102500 Section 8 Western Imperialism We live in a world in which the consequences of nineteenth and twentieth century Western imperialism are still being felt By the early nineteen hundreds Western civilization reached the high point of its long standing global expansion The expansion took many forms such as economic political and cultural imperialism Europeans invested a lot of money abroad to build railroads ports mines plantations as well as factories and public utilities Trade began to grow between nations and the economy became more developed Western civilizations became much more prosperous than the rest of the world due to the land usage and industrialization of Western colonization The European economic invasion began as peaceful trade but Westerners became quite willing to force isolated nations of Africa and Asia to open their doors for them Aside from the economical influences on certain countries another aspect of the Western expansion was that European states established huge political empires in Africa and Asia This event categorized as the new imperialism occurred when European governments began searching for new territory Small groups of Europeans began to rule millions of Africans and Asians The causes of the new imperialism are still hotly debated but competition for trade superior military force advanced technologies and politics are among the most important Western imperialism itself is also one of the greatest controversies of world history Westerners justified their imperialistic reign by explaining their economic political and cultural motives for imperialism Although imperialism seemed destructive to tribal societies I feel that the justifications hold true and the impact of imperialism has strengthened society One of the justifications that the Westerners gave for imperialism was that it was in the best interest for the worlds economy John Hobson describes the imperialists arguments as we must have markets for our growing manufacturers we must have new outlets for the investment of our surplus capital and for the energies of adventurous surplus of
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