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The central part of Berkeleys metaphysics seems paradoxical or even absurd Its claim is that what we call solid and indeed everything else that we find laid out in the three-dimensional physical word that is apparently around us is only fictional It appears to be there but it does not really have an independent existence The physical world is according to Berkeley dependent on and only perceived through a mental state In Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonous Berkeley tried to explain how a seemingly noncommonsensical theory can actually consist of commonsensical characteristics There are two contentions made by Berkeley in his attempt to prove that commonsense is the basis of his theory rather than absurdity The first is that in order for a material object to exist there must be a perceiver The second is that of the existence of finite spirits us and an Infinite Spirit God Berkeley ascribed to an imperialistic view in the sense that the immediate obje ct of our knowledge is ideas or subjective impressions He denied the distinction between primary qualities size shape motion time which are objective realtrue features of the world and secondary qualities color taste smell sound ect which are subjectiverelative qualities existing in the mind Berkeley argued that primary qualities are not perceptible separately from the secondary qualities primary qualities are just as relative to the perceiver as are secondary qualities If ten people were asked to draw a particular desk the drawings would indicate ten different shapes for that one desk Which drawing would reflect the true shape of the desk Also a soda can may be small to a human yet appear large to a fly The point Berkeley made is that all qualitiesprimary and secondaryare relative to the perceiver and cannot therefore exist in the objects themselves Hence none or these qualities exist outside the mind because we all see things differently It is impossible therefore that matter be something existing
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