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The Articles of Confederation was the first constitution of the United States of America The Articles of Confederation were first drafted by the Continental Congress in Philadelphia Pennsylvania in 1777 The Articles were not ratified until 1781 however Under the Articles of Confederation the United States government was in a state of chaos To end the existing chaos and build a stronger democratic society for the future the government would need to be more powerful and centralized The Articles created a weak almost non-existent government that had neither an executive or judicial branch which meant that it lacked enforcement powers There were three problems that existed under the Articles of Confederation that would bring about an act of change First under the Articles of Confederation the government could not protect property and other rights of the citizens Second the society created under the Articles of Confederation lacked a means of advancing commerce and interstate trade Congress had no power to tax Instead it was to assess its expenses and divide those among the states on the basis of the value of land States were then to tax their own citizens to raise the money for these expenses and turn the proceeds over to Congress They could not be forced to do so and in practice they rarely met their obligations Third government had no central authority whatsoever It was useless trying to get the states to do something There were two successes though First there was the idea of dual citizenship for people This says that a person can be a citizen of the United States and also the state with which they live in Second there was the Northwest Ordinance of 1787 This ordinance was put in to deal with all of the territory that the US had gained This made sure that any new states that would come in would be on equal footing with all of the others However the good
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